Photoshop Tutorials - Photoshop Gradients
Photoshop offers a special tool to work with the gradients. It is located in the tool panel with the PaintBucket tool. In order to use it do the following:
1. Select the Gradient tool.
2. Click on the image in the place where you want the gradient to start.
3. Without releasing the mouse button, drag it to the place where you want the gradient to end.
4. The ending point of the gradient will be set when in the place where you will release the mouse button.
In the gradient settings you can also set the starting and the ending point of the gradient. If you move them in the gradient settings, the areas that are before the starting point will be painted in the starting color of the gradient and the areas that will be after the ending point of the gradient will be painted into the ending color of it.
The settings for the gradient tool are located in the Options palette. Photoshop has a set of pre-defined gradients that you can choose from.
Let us check in detail on the options available in the gradient settings.
New Gradient - brings up the window of editing the settings of new gradient
Rename Gradient - renames the gradient
Delete Gradient - removes the gradient
Text Only - enables the palette mode where instead of the icons will be the signatures
Small Thumbnails - sets the palette mode when small icons are shown
Large Thumbnails - sets the palette mode when large icons are shown
Small List - sets the mode when palette is displayed as small icons with text information to them
Large List - sets the mode when palette is displayed as large icons with text information to them
Preset Manager - brings up the interface that lets you load the pre-defines from the files, save them, rename and remove if needed
Reset Gradients - resets the gradient list to default gradients
Load Gradients - loads the gradients from files. It is useful to save gradients that turned out to be good for the further use
Save Gradients - allows you to save the gradient settings as a pre-defined gradient
Replace Gradient - replaces the existing gradient with the uploaded one
Color Harmonies 1 - loads the set of gradients that the Photoshop creators consider harmonic according to the color spectrum.
Color Harmonies 2 - loads the set of gradients that the Photoshop creators consider harmonic according to the color spectrum. Loads the second set of the gradients.
Metals - uploads the gradients that imitate metal effects
Noise Samples - uploads the gradients that imitate noise effects
Pastels - uploads the gradients that are in pastel color range
Simple - uploads the gradients that are simple
Special Effects - uploads the gradients that create impressive effects
Spectrums - uploads the gradients that are of the spectral colors.
A set of pre-defined gradients is very useful, but sometimes you need a special one. This is what the Gradient Editor is for. You can play around with the gradient settings until you get the desired result.
There are certain types of the gradients:
Linear Gradient - the color is changed in a straight line from the beginning point to the ending point
Radial Gradient - the gradient is generated as an oval where the center point is the starting point and the edges are the ending points
Angle Gradient - the gradient is changed clockwise from starting to end.
Reflected Gradient - gradient is reflected
Diamond Gradient - similar to radial, but the figure is a Rhomb and not sphere.
Rendering Tools: Dodge, Burn and Sponge Tools
Photoshop has three rendering tools and with their help, you can clarify or darken the image areas, following the principles of increasing luminous flux or exposure time in traditional photography. That is where the icon symbols for these tools originate. You can also influence the image saturation with these tools.
Dodge tool is the metaphor of the mask that photographer uses to increase the brightness of the certain areas of the images. You can use the Options palette to set up this tool.
With Range option you can set the Dodge tool to influence certain tone ranges that this tool will influence: Shadows (influences light colors the less and dark colors the most). Midtones (influences both dark and light colors weakly) and Highlights (influences dark colors the less and light colors the most).
With Exposure setting, you can set the strength of this tool's effect in percents.
Airbrush mode allows you to apply this tool in airbrush mode if needed.
Burn tool allows decreasing the brightness in selected image area. It effects the image in the way that is directly opposite to the effect of Dodge tool. Its settings are identical to the Dodge tool settings and can be accessed in Options palette.
Sponge tool allows to increase or decrease image contrast by changing the saturation of the image tones. Working with this tool in Desaturate mode you can decrease the color tones and using Saturate mode, you can increase them and make the image look colorful. Except for the Mode option, the Sponge tool's options are similar to Dodge and Burn tools.