Photoshop Tutorials - Layers. Background Layer.
Layers. Background Layer.
Photoshop offers you a comfortable way to save the objects of the image so that you could use them later on. That is layers. Layers in Photoshop can be compared to transparent films that have something different drawn on each of them and are stacked together. The parts of the film that do not have anything drawn on them allow you to see the images that are drawn on the films that are stacked underneath the top layer. If you will look down at the stack of layers they will make up the complete image.
Every image in Photoshop has at least one layer. The basic layer that every image has is a Background image. The distinctive feature of the background layer is that it cannot have transpired areas. If we are talking about the layers as if they were films, then the background layer can be compared to the piece of paper that you place these films over. Background layer is always located underneath other layers and it serves for placing the objects on it.
You can create a new layer in several ways. You can go to the menu Layers > New > Layer or use the hotkeys Shift+Ctrl+N or click the New Layer icon in the Layers Palette.
Every layer can be named. This will help you to locate it among others in the Layers palette. You can set the same color for the layers in the Layers palette if they are related. You can set it in the Color field in the layer settings.
You already know what the blending mode and opacity are. Group with previous layer allows you to group selected layer with the one that is underneath it.
Note! Any actions performed in Photoshop are applied only to the active layer that you are working with. Active layer is displayed in blue color in Layers palette. You can click on the layer in the layers palette to make it active.
The eye icons located to the left from each layer in the Layers palette mean that the layer is visible. You can click on the eye icon, it will disappear and the layer will become invisible. If the layer is invisible you cannot bring any changes to it until you will click where the eye icon was to make it active.
Often you will need to create the layer that is a copy of existing one. This is when you will need to use Duplicate Layer option in the Layer menu. Selecting it you will bring up the dialog window where you can determine the settings for the duplicate layer. In this window in the As field you can set the name of the duplicated layer, in the Destination field you will find the dropdown menu with the New option and names of all documents that are opened in Photoshop. You can either copy the layer to one of these documents or choose New to save the layer as a new document. In this case the Name field will become active and you can enter the name for the new document. You can also create a new layer by dragging it in the Layers palette over the New Layer icon.
In order to turn the background layer into a regular one you can simply double-click it in the Layers palette.