Photoshop Tutorials - Variations
Variations command unites the possibilities of tonal and color correction. It lets you visualize the process of setting the color balance, contrast and saturation change for image or selection. This command is good for working with well-balanced images that do not require rebuilding the tonal or color range. In the top part of the Variations dialog window, there are two thumbnails: Original and Current Pack (the result of selected variation applied to the image).
When you select the Variations command and the dialog window opens the thumbnails look the same, but when any changes are made the right thumbnail will display the changes made. Clicking on Original thumbnail will undo all of the changes made. To the right from Original and Current Pack thumbnails there is a radio button that lets you switch between the tone ranges to edit them selectively. The options available are Shadows, Midtones, Highlights and Saturation.
In the biggest section below, you can change the color balance. Colors that will be added or removed are located in the same order as in the color circle: red, yellow, green, cyan, blue and magenta.
The Current Pick thumbnail in the middle displays the current condition of the image. In this section you should keep the color balance in mind to bring any needed changes. To add desired color you need to click respective image. From our previous tutorials on color balance, you will know that to reduce desired color you will need to add other color. For example to add yellow you can click More Yellow and to reduce the amount of yellow color you can click More Blue button. See our tutorial on color models to get a better understanding of how this scheme works.
The portions of adding or removing the color are set in the top part of the window with the slider that moves from Fine to Coarse.
The right part of the window contains the brightness options. Clicking on thumbnails Lighter or Darker you can make the image lighter and darker respectively. Current Pick thumbnail in this section also displays the current condition of the image.
When you check the Show Clipping checkbox, the areas of the image that will be excluded (converted to solid black or solid white) will be shown with neon glow. When you select the Saturation option with the radio button the dialog window will change and you will be able to set the color saturation of the image. If you enable Show Clipping during this, the excluded areas will be displayed if the current saturation will exceed the maximal color saturation.